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What is rosacea?

Rosacea in a skin disease commonly seen is fair skinned people.

What are the signs and symptoms?

Persistent redness of the face primarily on the cheeks, prominent blood vessels, swelling, dryness, burning and stinging are the commonest symptoms of rosacea. It may also be associated with irritation of the eyes. There may be pimple like lesions but it is not associated with blackheads or whiteheads.

What conditions increase rosacea?

Exposure to sunlight, hot beverages, spicy food, alcohol, emotions and certain medicines may increase the redness and irritation.

How do we treat rosacea?

Sun protection and avoidance of trigger factors plays an important role in treatment. Physical sunscreens, topical antibiotics, vitamin A creams, ivermectin work for mild rosacea. Oral antibiotics and isotretinoin are used in addition in cases not responding to the above. Medicines like brimonidine and oxymetazoline help to control the redness. Rosacea is a chronic problem and thus therapy may continue for long durations.

Do lasers help in rosacea?

Lasers and intense pulsed light therapy help is treating the prominent blood vessels and redness of rosacea.

When is surgery indicated in rosacea?

Rosacea may cause enlargement and disfiguration of the nose and this can be treated by surgery if it doesn’t respond to other treatment modalities.

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The information provided in Dr. Dixit's answer is for educational purposes only and is not intended to constitute medical advice. The information provided should not be relied upon as a substitute for consultations with a qualified health professional who may be familiar with your individual medical needs.